Jagadhatri Puja: its historical past and the timings

Who’s Ma Jagadhatri?

Jagadhatri or Jagaddhatri (which interprets to “bearer of the world”) is a facet of the Hindu Goddess Parvati. This goddess is especially worshipped within the Indian states of West Bengal and Odisha. Her worship and rituals are immediately derived from Tantra the place she is a logo of sattva beside Durga and Kali. They’re respectively symbolized with Rajas and Tamas.

In keeping with the Puran, Jagadhatri is an incarnation of Siddhidhatri. She can also be stated to be the mixed type of Sri Tripura Sundari and Maa Durga. In Bengal, individuals have fun her puja because the comeback of the satan, particularly in Chandannagar and Krishnanagar.

What’s the story behind her formation?

Her story is principally present in Kena Upanishad and Katyayani Tantra. Usually, after Devi Durga killed the demon Mahisashura, the gods of Svarga overlook about her powers. So, the Adi shakti, maa Parvati took their take a look at. Right here, Devi appeared earlier than Agni, Vayu, Varuna, and Chandra. They considered themselves as almighty they usually can do something with their energy.

Like we see in Kena Upanishad, right here additionally the Devi instructed them to take out a grass however Vayu failed. Then Agni did not burn it. Each god one after the other tried however failed. Ultimately, they understood that each little bit of energy within the universe belongs to Devi alone and their energy additionally belongs to her. She is the ability of the entire world. So, all of the Gods understood their fault. The goddess got here earlier than them as Goddess Uma sitting on a lion. And their ego grew to become an Elephant. That’s how we see Goddess Jagaddhatri sitting on a lion and an elephant below her.

This story has been taken the place we discover point out of Devi. There she has been known as Jagadhatri for the primary time. She is instructed to be the manifestation of Saguna Brahma and the image of Sattwa Guna. Despite the fact that the world is witnessing destruction & creation each second nevertheless it by no means will get destroyed completely. The reason being the Maha Shakti who protects and sustains it. She’s everlasting and unaffected by the waves of time. Devi Jagadhatri is the manifestation of that Maha Shakti.

You could consider within the Ishwara rupa. Are you aware the which means of Jagadhatri rupa? She is carrying the world. If she stops, then the world will get destroyed” is claimed by Sri Ramakrishna.

Her dhayana mantra describes her weapons, vahana, and her iconography. She is sitting on high of a lion, sporting completely different jewellery. In her 4 palms, the Devi holds bow, arrow, chakra & sankha. She is reddish just like the morning solar and he or she is sporting snake garland. Her reddish shade and weapons are the symbols of raja guna. Nonetheless, this isn’t for destruction and going to struggle. Somewhat that is to maintain the world centered on Ritam & Satyam.

She sustains the universe by way of her Yoga shakti. Naga/Sarpa is the image of Yoga & Upavitam is the image of Brahmin. Devi is a yogini. She is operating the world by her maha yoga shakti. The act of rescuing the world is her “Lila”.

In her stotram, she has been invoked as Adhara bhutah, Dhritirupah, Dhurandharah, Dhruvapadah, Shaktistah, Shaktirupah, Shaktacharpriyah and Shaktivigrahe.

What’s Jagadhatri Puja?

The Jagadhatri Puja was first began by Raja Krishnachandra of Krishnanagar, Nadia in Bengal. In Krishnanagar, Raj Rajeshwary Jagatdhatri Puja is among the oldest Jagatdhatri Puja in Bengal. Legend has it that after in the course of the Nawab raj in Bengal, Maharaja Krishnachandra was arrested by Nawab Siraj-ud-Dullah for not paying tax in time. He was launched from jail in the course of the day of Vijaya Dashami.

As a result of this, your complete festivity of Durga Puja in his kingdom was spoiled. So, to once more rejoice within the competition, the Maharaja began the ritual of this Jagatdhatri Puja. Primarily, this puja was finished by one Raj Rajeshwary (Raj Mata within the Bengali language). Together with it, earlier than the beginning, a Jagadhatri Puja was donated by Maharaja Krishna Chandra known as Maa Jaleshwary at Malopara Barowary.

However, the Jaleshwara temple of Shantipur(1665) & Raghaveshwara temple(1669) has Jagadhatri vigraha inside & temple partitions have them too. So, she could also be recognized in Nadia lengthy earlier than Krishna Chandra.

The Jagadhatri puja of Bose household, Palpara, deserves a particular point out on this regard. The puja of this household initially was held of their ancestral dwelling in Murshidabad. Folklore has it that this puja was began in 1788. The puja was later shifted to its current location in Chandannagar, the place most of the members of the family now dwell. The precise historical past of the deity is unknown. However household information date again to 1640.

Researcher Mohit Roy has famous that Jagadhatri vigraha from Barisal (BD) is from the eighth Century. At present, the vigraha is within the Ashutosh Museum (Kolkata). One should be aware that such Singha-Vahini vigrahas have been found in loads, significantly from western Bengal.

Nonetheless, the primary point out of Jagadhatri puja comes from “Kalviveka” of Smarta Shulapani(1375-1460). In a while, Smarta’s like Brihaspati Raymukut & Srinatha Acharya Churamani too have talked about Devi of their work.

When is that this goddess worshipped in each Krishnanagar and Chandannagar?

The date on which she is worshipped, Navami of Shukla Paksha, may be very auspicious. In historical instances, it was generally known as Chandika Puja. In keeping with Smritisagara and Mahamohopadhhaya Panchanan Tarkaratna, it’s the day to worship Uma.

The ruling to carry out this particular puja of the goddess is on the ninth lunar day of the sunshine fortnight within the month of Kartick. This has been referred to in “Krityatattarnab” by Srinath Acharyachuramoni of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

How outdated is that this puja?

The oldest temple of Jagadhatri is in Somra (Hooghly). It’s generally known as the Mahavidya temple. It was established in 1621 CE. The oldest Jagadhatri puja that’s recognized is 450+ years outdated. It takes place within the Dekhuria village, Birbhum. Jagadhatri puja of Baligram village (Jiaganj, Murshidabad) is older than Dekhuria village. It’s greater than 5 hundred years outdated. Bandyopadhyay household of Mirhat of Kalna are observing Jagadhatri puja for greater than 4 hundred years. Jagadhatri puja is the principle Puja of Dhatrigram, Baidyapur & Mirhat of Kalna. 350-year-old Chandrapati household’s kuladevi is Jagadhatri, to say the least.

Which is the ebook Jagatdhatri options in?

Jagadhatri options within the semi-historical fictional work ‘Anandamath’ written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee. It’s from this ebook that the nationwide tune of India “Vande Mataram” is taken. Within the novel, Kali, Durga, and Jagatdhatri are depicted as three elements of ‘Bharat Mata’ (Mom India). Jagadhatri is portrayed because the mom was, Kali because the mom now’s, Durga because the mom might be sooner or later. The trio of goddesses is proven as the thing of worship of a bunch of ascetics. They type the protagonists of the story.

How does Ma Jagadhatri look?

The four-handed goddess is carried in every single place by a lion. There’s an elephant on the ft of the lion. The idol has an old school shaping. The face slicing is of a longish sample. It has giant eyes unfold as much as the ears. The 4 palms show discus, conch, bow, and shaft. The snake is her sacred thread.

One most important attraction of this idol of Chandannagar is the decorative ornament of the goddess manufactured from sola. There are additionally stunning canvases of mats with work behind the picture.

What’s the historical past of Jagadhatri puja in Chandannagar?

When your complete Bengal, nay India, was below British rule. Regardless of being below the French administration at the moment, Chandannagar created a definite custom. Jadadhatri Puja is a serious socio-cultural occasion on this area. The traditional historical past of Jagadhatri puja in Chandannagar is unknown even as we speak. It’s heard that Indranarayan Chowdhury launched the puja in Chandannagar. He did this within the method of King Krishnachandra of Krishnanagore.

This puja began in Krishnanagore within the yr 1762. Indranarayan Chowdhury died in 1756. So, under no circumstances, he had launched this puja in Chandanangar. The historical past of Jagatdhatri Puja most likely dates again to instances sooner than 1750. Indranarayan Chowdhury carried out this puja in his home. At the moment, King Krishnachandra used to come back there to borrow cash from him. Maybe the king was drawn to the greatness of the Goddess Jagadhatri at the moment.

Historical past of jagadhatri puja in Krishnanagar

Unknown to many, Jagadhatri Pujo was launched in 182 in Krishnanagar of Nadia district. Though there are nonetheless variations of opinion concerning the actual yr. It’s stated that in the course of the reign of Maharaja Krishnachandra Roy of Nadia, Nawab Alivardi Khan demanded 12 lakh rupees from him. King Krishnachandra refused to present it and he was taken prisoner in Murshidabad. When the king was returning to Krishnanagar after his captivity, he heard the sound of Durga puja’s devotion.

He suffered lots as he couldn’t be current at Durgapujo. That evening, Mom Jagadhatri, seeing the Maharaja in a dream, instructed him to worship. From then on, the worship of Mom Jagadhatri as a substitute for Mom Durga began in Bengal. Later, impressed by the puja of King Krishnachandra, Indranarayan Chowdhury, the dewan of France, began the puja of Jagadhatri within the then Farasdanga, now Chandannagar.

At the moment, Ranima of Krishnanagar used to go to Jagadhatri’s mom whereas sitting within the palace. So, from that point onwards, the idol of Jagadhatri needed to be rotated in entrance of the palace earlier than the goddess was deserted. On the morning of Jagadhatri Pujo, it’s customary to convey the goddess’s jug within the water of Jalangi in a palanquin. Nonetheless, though the communication was improved, mom Jagadhatri nonetheless left for the palace with the assistance of the traditional guidelines.

The idol is taken across the Krishnanagar palace and brought to the river Jalangi. There, mom Jagadhatri is surrounded and thrown into the river. Pujo can also be celebrated within the palace. In keeping with the foundations, the idol of the palace is deserted first. Jagadhatri Pujo is among the three days of the yr when the doorways of Krishnanagar Rajbari are opened primarily for guests or vacationers.

The Jagadhatri puja of Krishnanagar is a factor to see. Throughout this time the town adorns itself with a lot of lights, flowers, pandals, and the likes. Every year greater than 5 lakh devotees come to this place to be part of this grandiose competition. There are about 150-175 golf equipment and barowaris which set up Jagadhatri puja within the metropolis.

The Jagadhatri puja of Krishnagar is an ideal mixing of devotion, emotion, and celebration. The most well-liked Jagadhatri goddess is the Burima of Chasa Para (In Bengali, “Chasa” means farmer). This deity known as the Tirupathi of Krishnanagar. Every year the idol is embellished with 150 kg gold and 150 kg silver ornaments with greater than 10 benarasis and jamdanis. Apart from Burima, Choto Ma (the deity of Kathalpota Barowari), Mejoma (the deity of School Road Barowari), Jaleswari (the idol of Malo para Barowari) are additionally very well-known.

What number of Jagatdhatri Pujas are carried out in and round Chandannagar?

The variety of group pujas in Chandannagar, Bhadreshwar, and Champdani Municipal areas cross the 190 mark yearly. Of those, 132 puja committees in several localities in Chandannagar and Bhadreshwar are affiliated to the Chandannagar Central Jagatdhatri Puja Committee.

Jagatdhatri Puja 2021 dates

The dates of Jagadhatri Puja 2021 are as follows:

  • Saptami- Shukla Paksha: November 11, 2021, Saturday
  • Ashtami- Shukla Paksha: November 12, 2021, Sunday
  • Navami- Sukla Paksha: November 12, 2021, Monday
  • Dashami- Sukla Paksha:November 13, 2021, Tuesday

Ashtami Puja:

After one month of Durga Ashtami, the Ashtami puja rituals of Jagadhatri puja are held on Shukla Paksha. In 2021 This yr, the puja might be held on Sunday, November 12 (Bengali month sixth Agrahayana).

Navami Puja:

Jagadhatri puja is carried out in two separate methods. The primary is that- from The Saptami to Navami, Ma Jagadhatri is worshipped in the identical rituals of Durga Puja.

Frequent ritual is that- Saptami, Astami, and Nabami pujas are carried out by three separate pujas on the Navami of Jagadhatri Puja. Because of this, the Navami of Jagadhatri puja is given extra significance. The Navami Puja of 2021 might be held on Monday, November 12.

In 2022, this puja might be held within the month of November. It is going to begin on the first of November and can finish on the 2nd of November. The timings are as follows:

Navami Tithi Begins – 11:04 PM on 1st November & Navami Tithi Ends – 09:09 PM on 2nd November.

15 well-known Jagatdhatri Puja pandals in Chandannagar

The 15 well-known puja pandals in Chandannagar are given under. They’re:

  • Subhaspally Sarbojanin Jagadhatri Puja committee
  • Charabagan Balak Sangha Sarbojanin Jagadhatri Puja
  • Circus Math Sarbojanin Sri Jagadhatri Puja Committee
  • Tematha Sarbojanin
  • Ambika Athletic Membership Jagadhatri Puja
  • Chandannagar Helapukur Sarbojanin Jagadhatri Puja
  • Bagbazar Sarbojanin Jagadhatri Puja Committee
  • Boro Taldanga
  • Boro Kalitala
  • Chaulpatty Sarbojanin
  • Neogi Bagan Jagadhatri puja Chandannagar West Bengal
  • Natunpara Jagadhatri puja
  • Jagadhatri puja tetultala
  • Chandannagar fatakgora jagadhatri puja
  • Palpara Sarbojanin jagadhatri puja committee

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